Urban and peri-urban agriculture
Latin America and the Caribbean is the most urbanized developing region in the world: the rate of urbanization has reached 78 per cent, and according to UN projections, could reach 88 per cent in 2050.
Urban and peri-urban agriculture seeks to improve food security for vulnerable urban and peri-urban populations by growing food in small spaces, such as patios and terraces, that are fresh and healthy for consumption.
This form of agriculture has many benefits: it generates additional income for the sale of garden and small farm surpluses, enhances the family diet, allows for participation in land planning, and generates green areas in cities.
Another essential aspect of urban agriculture is its efficient and sustainable use of natural resources and raw materials, while respecting local knowledge and traditions and promoting gender equality.
FAO has supported urban and peri-urban farming projects in Colombia, Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Chile.